Flash News

Chronic Kidney Disease


Chronic Kidney Disease

Functions of Kidney :

i. Removal of waste products.
ii. Excrete extra water.
iii. Maintain Electrolyte balance.





Causes :

1.Diabetic Mellitus ( Sugar deposited in the nephron fibrous tissues )
2.Hypertension
3.Glomerulonephritis
4.NSAIDS.
5.Polycystic Kidney Diseases
6. Kidney stones
7.Vesicoureflex in children.



Symptoms :

1.Decreased urinary out put
2. Edema and SOB
3. Toxins accumulate and cause the decrease appetite
4. Decrease Hemoglobin

          In kidney diseases hemoglobin values decreases the reason  behind is kidney only produces the erythropoietin. The major role of the erythropoietin helps in production of the hemoglobin. When kidney failure occur erythropoietin formation will be reduced. Due to reduction of the erythropoietin Hemoglobin formation will decrease.
5. Increase Blood pressure
6. Pruritis
7. Uremic odour ( through Mouth, Skin, )

Investigations :

A.Blood Urea >40 ( Normal Value : 15-40 )
B. Serum Creatinine > 1.20 ( Normal Value : 0.6 – 1.2 )
C. Electrolytes levels ( Na+. Cl-, K+,)
D. Hemoglobin
E. USG abdomen.

Treatment :

1.Diuretics
2. Erythropoietin / Iron / B12
3. Calcium and Vitamin – D
4. Dialysis Or Kidney Transplantation
{ In kidney transplantation the 3rd kidney kept on right illiac fossa.

Diet :

1.Fluid Should be restricted ( 1 – 1.5 liter per day )
2. Salt ( It loads in the kidney filters ) ( <3g per day ).
{ South indians consumes 8g salt per day }
3. Restrict Protein food ( 0.8g/kg per day )
{ Meat, Fish, Egg, Soya beans, Panner }
4. Restriction of Potassium K+
( Banana, Coconut water contain high Potassium leads to cardiac arrhythmias }

Apple, Guva, Papaya, Pine apple can be taken for Chornic Kidney diseases  




Related Posts

URINARY SYSTEM ANATOMY

Kidney Anatomy  
Nephron Anatomy.  
Ureter Anatomy  
Urethra Anatomy  
Urinary Bladder Anatomy

22 comments:

  1. thanks for the Amazing information in the post


    Govt Jobs 2015-16

    ReplyDelete

  2. Really good information presented well in this post. This will really help for people who are doing government jobs

    ReplyDelete
  3. I enjoyed over read your blog post. Your blog have nice information, I got good ideas from this amazing blog. I am always searching like this type blog post. I hope I will see again..
    halloween| animaljam| happywheels| cool math| coolmathgames| 8ballpool| sudoku az| sudoku online| yoob games| friv yoob| happy wheels demo| unblocked games | hanger| tetris| friv4school| color sudoku| kumba karate
    happy wheels hacked| shopping cart hero 2| whack a craft| sports heads football| raze 2

    ReplyDelete
  4. Good information given by author, Thank you sir
    sarkari result

    ReplyDelete
  5. We are really grateful for your blog post. You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post. Great work.

    Such a very useful article. Very interesting to read this article.I would like to thank you for the efforts you had made for writing this awesome article.
    Sign in to Gmail to access to all Gooogle services. Log in to your account or sign up to create a new account
    gmail sign in

    gmail log in

    what's gmail?

    slitherio

    Tank trouble

    happy wheels

    Strike Force Heroes

    tank trouble 2

    In this game, you start at the cavern men's age, then evolve! There is a total of 5 ages, each with its units and turrets. Take control of 16 different units and 15 different turrets to defend your base and destroy your enemy.
    age of war

    We are really grateful for your blog post. You will find a lot of approaches after visiting your post. Great work.
    happy wheels

    strike force heroes

    earn to die

    Fireboy and Watergirl arrived again to the temple in the forest. 2 players together can help them to find their way out.
    fire boy and water girl

    ReplyDelete
  6. Recruitment Notification is one of the Top most Job Portal Govt jobs in AP 2017 there

    ReplyDelete
  7. bookmarked!!, I like your web site!

    ReplyDelete
  8. Greetings from Ohio! I'm bored to death at work
    so I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break.
    I enjoy the information you present here and can't wait to take
    a look when I get home. I'm shocked at how quick your blog loaded on my cell phone ..
    I'm not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, great blog!

    ReplyDelete
  9. I don't even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was
    good. I don't know who you are but definitely you're
    going to a famous blogger if you aren't already ;) Cheers!

    ReplyDelete
  10. Hi there, after reading this remarkable piece of writing
    i am too happy to share my knowledge here with friends.

    ReplyDelete
  11. I'm gone to tell my little brother, that he should also pay a
    quick visit this webpage on regular basis to obtain updated from most recent news.

    ReplyDelete
  12. For most up-to-date information you have to visit world wide web and on world-wide-web I
    found this web page as a most excellent site for most recent updates.

    ReplyDelete
  13. What's up to all, it's really a good for me to pay a visit this web page, it contains valuable Information.

    ReplyDelete
  14. Great weblog right here! Also your web site so much up fast!

    What web host are you the use of? Can I get your affiliate link
    on your host? I wish my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

    ReplyDelete
  15. After checking out a number of the blog posts on your blog, I truly appreciate your technique of
    blogging. I book-marked it to my bookmark site list and will be
    checking back soon. Take a look at my website as well and tell me how you feel.

    ReplyDelete