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Wilms' tumour

Wilms' tumour ( NEPHROBLASTOMA )

Definition :       

          Wilms' tomor is commonly seen in kids from ages 3 to 4 and tends to occur less frequently after the age of 5. The most common kidney cancer in children is wilms' tumor.

Signs & Symptoms of Willms' tumor :

1. Swelling in the abdomen
2. Pain in the abdomen
3. Mass in the abdomen which can be felt
4. Fever
4. Hematuria or blood in the urine ( Advanced Stage III or Stage IV tumor )
5. Pallor
6. Hypertension
7. Superficial venous engorgement may present
8. Increasing abdominal girth

Examination Findings :

  • Large, smooth, fixed, firmed, nontender palpable mass detected in the flank.

Diagnostic Evaluation :

  • X-ray abdomen
  • X-ray Chest
  • IVP
  • USG
  • CT Scan
  • MRI
  • Renal Function Test ( RpII )
  • Liver Function Test ( LFT )
  • Urine analysis
  • Bone marrow study

wilms tumor

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