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Iodine Deficiency

Iodine Deficiency

History :

          Iodine Deficiency disorder day started in 21st Oct 2013, 

Causes :

  • Enlargement of thyroid.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Mental retardation in children & infant due to iodine deficient during pregnency.

Sources of Iodine :

  • Seafoods.
  • Meat.
  • Some breads.
  • Eggs.
  • Multivitamin drugs. 

Sypmtoms :

Goiter : Inadequate iodine intake, the thyroid gland become enlarges ( goiter ). Iodine deficiency is the common cause of thyroid enlargement and goiter. Due to large goiter the symptoms like choking,  during lying down, and difficulty breathing and swallowing.

Hypothyroidism : Low amount of iodine in the body develops a hypothryoridism.

During Pregnancy :  iodine deficiency is very important in women during pregnancy. Due to iodine deficiency in the pregnancy leads to preterm delivery, congential abnormalities, mental retardation, Growth problems, hearing and speech.

Treatment :

Pregnant women and brestfeeding women should take a multivitamin minimum 150ug iodine per day.

RECOMANDARY DIETARY ALLOWANCES :
Adult men and women : 150ug per day.
Pregnant women : 220ug per day
Breast feeding women : 290ug per day.

Teaspoon of iodized salt contain  iodine : 400ug
Multivitamins Contain Iodine is : 150ug 

          Taking high amount of iodine in diet also cause problem hyperthyroidism, autoimmune thyroid disease, iodine containing medications ( Amiodarone ).


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